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1. States Parties shall ensure that a child is not separated from his or her parents against their will, unless the competent authorities subject to judicial review determine, in accordance with applicable law and procedures, that such separation is necessary in the best interests of the child. Such a determination may be necessary in a particular case, for example. B in a case where the child is abused or neglected by the parents, or in a case where the parents live separately and the child`s place of residence must be decided. 4. The first election of the Committee shall take place no later than six months after the entry into force of this Agreement and every two years thereafter. At least four months before the day of each election, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall send a letter to States Parties inviting them to submit their candidatures within two months. The Secretary-General shall then draw up an alphabetical list of all such designated persons, indicating the States Parties which have designated them, and submit it to the States Parties to this Convention. (b) Recognize that intercountry adoption may be considered as an alternative means of childcare if the child cannot be placed in a foster or adoptive family or if the child cannot be adequately cared for in the child`s country of origin; 1. States Parties recognize the right of any child accused of violating criminal law accused, accused or recognized as a violation of criminal law to be treated in a manner consistent with the promotion of the child`s sense of dignity and worth, which reinforces the child`s respect for the human rights and fundamental freedoms of others, as well as the age of the child and the opportunity to promote reintegration. of the child and the acceptance of a constructive role in society. 1. States Parties undertake to submit to the Committee of the Secretary-General of the United Nations reports on the measures they have taken to realize the rights recognized in these Rules and on the progress made in the exercise of those rights.
3 Reservations may be withdrawn at any time by informing the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall then inform all States thereof. (c) Every child deprived of his or her liberty shall be treated humanely and with respect for the inherent dignity of the human person and in a manner that takes into account the needs of persons of his or her age. In particular, any child deprived of liberty shall be separated from adults, unless it is considered to be in the best interests of the child not to do so and has the right to maintain contact with his or her family except in exceptional circumstances through correspondence and visits; 1. States Parties undertake to respect and ensure respect for the rules of international humanitarian law applicable to them in armed conflicts affecting the child. (iii) to have the case decided without delay by a competent, independent and impartial judicial authority or authority at a fair hearing in accordance with the law, in the presence of legal or other appropriate assistance and, unless this is considered to be in the best interests of the child, having regard in particular to his or her age or circumstances, parents or guardians; States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to promote the physical and mental recovery and social reintegration of a child who is the victim of any form of neglect, exploitation or abuse; torture or any other form of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; or armed conflict. This recovery and reintegration takes place in an environment that promotes the health, self-esteem and dignity of the child. Nothing in this Convention shall affect provisions which are more conducive to the realization of the rights of the child and which may be contained in: 1. States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure that a child who claims refugee status or is considered a refugee in accordance with applicable international or national law and procedures, irrespective of: whether unaccompanied or accompanied by his parents or any other person, shall enjoy adequate protection and humanitarian assistance to benefit from the applicable rights set forth in this Convention and in other international human rights or humanitarian instruments to which those States Are Parties.
(1) A child who is temporarily or permanently deprived of his or her family environment or whose own well-being cannot be allowed to remain in that environment shall be entitled to special protection and support from the State. 2. A child whose parents reside in different States shall have the right, except in exceptional cases, to maintain regular personal relations and direct contact with both parents. To this end, and in accordance with the obligation of States Parties under article 9, paragraph 1, States Parties shall respect the right of the child and his or her parents to leave and enter any country, including their own. The right to leave a country shall be subject only to such restrictions as are required by law and which are necessary to protect national security, public order, public health or morality, or the rights and freedoms of others, and which are compatible with the other rights recognized in this Convention. (d) To take all appropriate measures to ensure that placement in intercountry adoption does not result in unreasonable financial gain for the persons participating in it; 1. The best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration for all measures concerning children, whether taken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts, administrative authorities or legislative bodies. 2.
The exercise of these rights may be restricted only if it is imposed in accordance with the law and which are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security or public security, public order, the protection of public health or morals or the protection of the rights and freedoms of others. (3) Such care could include, inter alia, placement in foster families, kafalah under Islamic law, adoption or, if necessary, placement in appropriate institutions for the care of children. In considering solutions, due account shall be taken of the desirability of continuity in a child`s upbringing and of his or her ethnic, religious, cultural and linguistic origin. 5. Elections shall be held at meetings of States Parties convened by the Secretary-General at United Nations Headquarters. At meetings at which two thirds of the States Parties have a quorum, the persons obtaining the greatest number of votes and an absolute majority of the votes of the representatives of the States Parties present and voting shall be elected to the Committee. 3. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that children of working parents have the right to use the childcare services and facilities to which they are entitled. (c) Ensure that the child subject to intercountry adoption enjoys guarantees and standards equivalent to those of domestic adoption; 3.
When an amendment enters into force, it shall be binding on the States Parties which have accepted it, the other States Parties remaining bound by the provisions of this Convention and by any previous amendment which they have accepted. States Parties shall make every effort to ensure recognition of the principle that both parents share responsibility for the upbringing and development of the child. Parents or guardians have the primary responsibility for the child`s education and development. The best interests of the child will be their fundamental concern….